RELATIONAL VERB: Definition, Characteristics, Types, Examples

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There are various kinds of verbs to know. Not only material verbs, relational verbs are also a type of verb that must be known.

Generally, this verb is in the exposition text. If you have never known him, of course, it will be difficult to recognize this type of verb.

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What are Relational Verbs?

What are Relational Verbs?

Verbs or what are often referred to as relational verbs are verbs that are useful as connecting subjects and complements. In this one verb, the complement must be present, because if it is missing it will make the sentence unclear or ambiguous.

Like material verbs, this verb also has a role as a predicate in a sentence. However, unlike material verbs, this type of verb does not have an object structure.

While the mandatory structure in the verb sentence is:

Subject + Relational Verb + Complement

Read: Behavioral Verbs

Characteristics of Relational Verbs

Characteristics of Relational Verbs

To get to know this relational verb better, we must know the characteristics it has. The characteristics of relational verbs are:

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  • Having a position in a sentence that has a position as a predicate
  • Leads to a reaction
  • Has a form of action such as activity
  • Have action and response
  • Can be completed with adverbs such as place, adjective, noun
  • Equipped with various kinds of affixes such as di-, me-, kan-, and ber-.


Please note, generally, in this example of verbs, we will find the use of a special word that characterizes typical of relational verbs, for example such as be, are, occupy, have, part, get, and including.

If you are used to processing words, you will be able to guess the meaning and even the form of this relational verb. Unfortunately, few people are aware of it due to lack of knowledge and deepening of the type of word.

In addition, this relational verb has a fairly broad definition when viewed from the language. Therefore, the use of this verb as a liaison only. Not only that, there are also characteristics of other relational verbs that we should know, such as:

  • Not included in the type of verb that describes action
  • Explain the causal relationship
  • Can't use the word not to precede the sentence
  • In terms of position, the position of the sentence occupies the position as a predicate.

Read: Intransitive Verbs

Types of Relational Verbs

Types of Relational Verbs

We may often use verbs that show cause and effect in our daily life. Unfortunately, we may not be aware of the existence of this verb.

Moreover, relational verbs can be divided into several categories according to their properties. The following types of relational verbs are:

  • Relational verbs describe cause-and-effect relationships

For this type of verb use words such as to be, to cause, to cause, so and to result.

An example of a relational verb in the sentence is "Soil's ability to absorb water decreases, which can cause flooding".

  • Relational verbs that describe identity

This type of verb uses the words are and is. Examples of relational verbs that describe identities such as "Liquid rock is a liquid that comes from a volcano that has released magma".

  • Relational verbs that describe ownership problems

Examples of relational verbs used are have and have. This type of verb is usually used in sentences like “tornado usually has a wind speed of 175 km/h.”

Read: Transitive Verbs

Examples of Relational Verbs

Examples of Relational Verbs

Here are some examples of sentences that use relational verbs, including:

  • Heavy rain cause traffic jam today.
  • Giraffe have long neck.
  • Elephant have great body.
  • Anggita have new laptop.
  • Desi have 2 siblings.
  • Borneo have very large forest.
  • Java Island have fertile soil.
  • House lizard is small animal.
  • Barren forest cause erosion in the mountains.
  • Beautiful have jacket is gray.
  • La la have soccer jersey collection.
  • Mosque is place of worship for Muslims.
  • Rice is Indonesian staple food.
  • Mr. Deni is lecturer at the University of Indonesia.

In essence, relational verbs are used for verbs that show cause and effect. By studying this material, hopefully we can understand more about the use of relational verbs.





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