30 Definitions of Democracy According to Experts (Full Discussion)

30 Definitions of Democracy According to Experts (Full Discussion) – This discussion will explain what democracy is literally and in terms and definitions of democracy described by experts in their fields.

list of contents

  • 30 Definitions of Democracy According to Experts (Full Discussion)
    • Understanding Democracy According to Experts
      • 1. Aristotle
      • 2. Harris Soche
      • 3. Abraham Lincoln
      • 4. Kranemburg
      • 5. Henry B. mayo
      • 6. Koentjoro Poerbopanoto
      • 7. Charles Costello
      • 8. Samuel Huntington
      • 9. Sydney Hook
      • 10. Maurice Duverger
      • 11. Prof. Mr. Muhammad Yamin
      • 12. Yusuf Al-Qordhawi
      • 13. International Commission of Jurists
      • 14. Affan Ghafar
      • 15. Sumarno AP and Yeni R.Lukiswara
      • 16. KBBI or Big Indonesian Dictionary states:
      • 17. John L Esposito
      • 18. C.F. Strong
      • 19. Sydney Hook
      • 20. Cannon, Webster Dictionary
      • 21. Abdul Ghani Ar Rahhal
      • 22. Robert A Dahl
      • 23. Amien Rais
      • 24. Abdul Wadud Nasruddin
      • 25. Ranny
      • 26. Joseph A. Schumpeter
      • 27. Sarjen
      • 28. Hans Kelsen
      • 29. Philippe C. Schmitter
      • 30. Wikipedia
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30 Definitions of Democracy According to Experts (Full Discussion)

Literally or the language of the word democracy comes from the Greek, namely demos and kratos. Demos means "people" and kratos means "power“. Meanwhile, in terms of democracy is a system of government in which the people involve the people. To find out more fully about the definition of democracy, consider the opinions of the experts below about the definition of democracy.

Understanding Democracy According to Experts

The following is the definition of democracy according to the experts

1. Aristotle

Stated that democracy is a freedom or the principle of democracy is freedom, because only through freedom can every citizen share power within his country. Aristotle also said that if a person lives without the freedom to choose his way of life, then he is like a slave.

2. Harris Soche

Explaining that democracy is a form of government of the people, therefore the power of government is attached to the people is also a Human rights for the people to defend, regulate and protect themselves from any coercion in a body that is handed over to them Reign.

3. Abraham Lincoln

Democracy means government of the people, by the people and for the people.

4. Kranemburg

Put forward democracy in accordance with its basic understanding of governing the people.

5. Henry B. mayo

Explain in running a democratic political system, the government that takes a policy generally determined by most of the people's representatives and effectively supervised by the community or people.

6. Koentjoro Poerbopanoto

Meaning that democracy is a system in which the people must actively participate in a state government.

7. Charles Costello

According to him, democracy is a political and social system of government with government power which is limited by law is also a freedom for citizens to protect his rights.

8. Samuel Huntington

Saying that democracy exists when the strongest decision makers in a system are elected through elections that are honest, fair, and periodic as well as the freedom to compete for each candidate in obtaining voice.

9. Sydney Hook

According to him, democracy is a form of government in which a government decision, directly or indirectly, must be based on a general agreement given by the people freely.

10. Maurice Duverger

Interpreting democracy as a way of government in which a group that is ruled and governs is the same or inseparable.

11. Prof. Mr. Muhammad Yamin

Stated that democracy is a basis in the formation of government and what is in it (society) in the power to regulate and govern is legally controlled by all members public.

12. Yusuf Al-Qordhawi

Explaining democracy as a forum for people to choose someone who is appropriate in managing all their affairs. Everything is desired by the community, such as: the leader is not someone who is hated, the rules are set as desired them, and has the right to hold these leaders accountable and has the right to fire the rulers or leaders if deviated.

13. International Commission of Jurists

Democracy is a form of government in which the right to make political decisions must be exercised by the people through elected representatives in an electoral process.

14. Affan Ghafar

There are two meanings of democracy, namely normative and empirical. Normative democracy is a democracy that is generally realized by a country. While empirical is a democracy whose manifestation is only in the political world.

15. Sumarno AP and Yeni R.Lukiswara

They argue that democracy is government of the people, by the people and for the people in the declaration of independence, namely of the people, for the people, and by the people.

16. The KBBI or Big Indonesian Dictionary says::

  • Democracy is a form or system of government in which all the people participate in government, namely through the intermediary of elected representatives.
  • Democracy is an idea or view of life that prioritizes equality and obligations and equal treatment for all its citizens.

17. John L Esposito

Basically, democracy is a form of government of the people and for the people. Therefore, the people have the right to participate, play an active role even when controlling the policies that have been issued by the government. In addition, in official government institutions there is a clear separation consisting of various elements such as exclusive elements, legislative and judicial elements.

18. C.F. Strong

Propose democracy is a form of government in which most of the members of the council who come from the community participate in political activities which is based on a representative system, where in the end the government can guarantee and account for all its actions to the majority the.

19. Sydney Hook

Promoting Democracy is a form of government in which important government decisions are directly or indirectly based on the majority agreement given by the people who are adults freely

20. Cannon, Webster Dictionary

Put forward democracy is defined as:

  • A government by the people, especially majority sovereignty.
  • A government in which the highest power is held by the people, directly or indirectly the implementation is carried out by them through a representative system which is carried out by holding general elections or elections periodically.

21. Abdul Ghani Ar Rahhal

In his book entitled Al Islamiyyin wa Sarah Ad Dimuqrathiyya states that Democracy is a form of people's power by the people. In other words, the people are the source of power power. Abdul Ghani Ar Rahhal also said that Plato was the first to express the theory of democracy, where the source of power is one desire and not multiple. Another writer, Muhammad Qutb, in his book entitled Madzahib Fikriyyah Mu'ashirah also states the same thing about the definition of democracy.

22. Robert A Dahl

Propose A democratic system should ideally have:

  • Equality of voting rights in determining binding collective decisions.
  • There is effective participation. This means that all citizens have equal opportunities in the collective decision-making process.
  • The disclosure of the truth, namely the existence of equal opportunities for every citizen in order to provide an assessment of the logical course of the political and government processes.
  • The final control or examination of the agenda, namely the existence of an exclusive right for the community to determine which agenda should or should not be must be decided through a government process, including in delegating the power to other people or institutions that can represent they
  • Coverage, namely the coverage of society that is covered by all adults in relation to the law.

23. Amien Rais

states that there are several criteria that must be met in order for a country to be called a democracy. These criteria include:

  1. Participation in decision making.
  2. Have equality before the law.
  3. Fair distribution of opinions.
  4. Have equal opportunities in obtaining education.
  5. Availability and disclosure of information.
  6. Observing or heeding fatsoen or political manners.
  7. Individual or individual freedom.
  8. Passion to work together.
  9. There is a right to protest.

24. Abdul Wadud Nasruddin

Promoting democracy is a system of life in which the opinion of the people is placed as the main priority in making policies. The opinion must meet several criteria such as:

  1. Religion
  2. immoral
  3. Law
  4. Passion to uphold the common good.

The opinion or voice of the people must be accompanied by a sense of responsibility. The existence of a positive commitment to its implementation must go through a continuous evaluation stage or continuously to suit common needs. Apart from being a political tool, democracy also acts as a tool for forming other aspects of social order, such as in the economic, social, and cultural aspects. Only people who are able to be responsible and understand related to the opinions they convey both scientifically, syar'i, and socially.

25. Ranny

Put forward democracy is a form of government in which the arrangement and organization is carried out based on the following principles:

  1. Popular sovereignty or popular sovereignty.
  2. Political equality or political equality.
  3. Consultation or dialogue with the community or political consultation.
  4. Majority or majority rule.

26. Joseph A. Schumpeter

Stating a political system can be said to be democratic if the collective decision makers are the strongest elected through a general election that is held regularly in which there is a right for adult human beings to choose. A democracy must include two things, namely competition and participation.

27. Sarjen

Putting forward each democratic system is always based on the idea that the state must be involved in certain kinds of good things directly or through representatives they have elected in the representative council in the field of making political decisions.

15 Definitions of Democracy According to the Complete Experts

28. Hans Kelsen

Democracy is government of the people and for the people. In this case, the elected representatives of the people are the executor of state power, where the people already have belief that all their wishes and interests will always be considered in the implementation of government the.

29. Philippe C. Schmitter

Declare Democracy is a theory which states that a country in order to be responsive to the needs and interests of its citizens, where they must participate in formulating needs and expressing interests actively and free. Not only must have a clear understanding, but also must have various sources and the desire to involve himself in the political struggle that needed so that their preferences will later become a material consideration for the authorities or also by trying to occupy positions in government.

30. Wikipedia

argued Democracy is a form of government in which all citizens have equal rights in making decisions that can change their lives

That's our explanation this time about 30 Definitions of Democracy According to Experts (Full Discussion), hopefully can be helpful and useful for readers. Thank you.

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