Knowing the Characteristics of Soil (Complete Discussion)

Knowing the Characteristics of Soil (Complete Discussion) – After yesterday we discussed about Layers on Soil, Soil Texture and Its Composition and Profile, now we will discuss about the characteristics of the soil.

list of contents

  • Knowing the Characteristics of Soil (Complete Discussion)
    • Soil Characteristics
      • Soil Texture
      • Soil Structure
      • Soil Consistency
      • Soil Moisture
      • Ground Air
      • Earth Color
      • Soil Temperature
      • Soil Permeability
      • Soil Porosity
      • Soil Drainage
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Knowing the Characteristics of Soil (Complete Discussion)

The following are some of the physical properties of the soil:

Soil Characteristics

Maybe we never know that the land that we have been using to plant flowers and so on has the following characteristics:

Soil Texture

If the soil elements consist only of grains of sand, the soil texture is coarse. Conversely, if the soil elements consist only of clay, the soil texture is very fine. The ideal soil texture for agriculture is loam, which is sticky soil. In the manufacture of ceramics, bricks and tiles, the clay fraction is indispensable. Soil is said to be clay-textured if it contains more clay. If the content of clay, sand and silt particles is balanced, the soil is called loamy soil.

Soil Structure

Soil structure is a way of binding soil grains to one another. In swamps or deserts the soil structure is lacking or not formed, because the soil grains are single or not bound to each other. Various types of soil structure, among others, in the form of lumps or crumbs. Soil structure in different soil layers can be different. Farmers' activities in the form of plowing, fertilization and tillage can change the original soil structure.

Soil Consistency

Soil consistency is a physical property of the soil that states the size of the cohesion and adhesion forces in various humidity. You can know the consistency of the soil by trying to break the soil, if it is difficult to break it means the soil, that the soil has a strong consistency.

Also Read:Definition of Disaster Management, Objectives, Mechanisms & Cycles

Soil Moisture

In the dry season, the season for harvesting secondary crops includes onions, beans, cassava, etc. The field that looks dry turns out to have a lump of earth attached to a nut or onion and the soil is still damp. This moisture is called soil moisture.

Ground Air

Farmers plant secondary crops, if it rains heavily or is hit by a flood, the plant suffocates, because the plant lacks soil air. This happens because all the pores contain soil moisture. The air is pushed out, so that the roots of plants lack O2, except for aquatic plants such as rice fields, kale and mangrove plants that have breath roots.

Earth Color

Soil colors are as follows:

  • Yellow, comes from the mineral limonite (2Fe2O33H3O).
  • Chocolate, derived from partially weathered acidic organic ingredients.
  • White, derived from silica-quartz minerals (SiO3), lime (CaCO3), kaolin, bauxite, aluminum and silicates, gypsum (CaCO, 2H2O), nitrates, dissolved salts and certain organic colloids.
  • Black, comes from organic materials that have decomposed violently and usually has to do with the elements carbon (C), magnesium (Mg) and sulfur (S).
  • Red, derived from the mineral hemaphyte (Fe2O3) or turgite (2Fe2O3H2O).
  • Green, comes from ferrous oxide.
  • Blue, comes from the mineral lilianite.
  • The land in the fields or rice fields is brown, red and yellow. The color of the soil in the volcanic area is different from the color of the soil in the limestone mountains.

Soil Temperature

Soil temperature in the morning, afternoon and evening is different. During the day the soil temperature is hotter than in the morning or evening.

Soil Permeability

Soil permeability is the speed at which water seeps into the soil through the pores, both horizontally and vertically. The speed at which water seeps is determined by the texture of the soil.

Also Read:Pedosphere: Definition, Characteristics, Forming Factors, Structure and Soil Type

Soil Porosity

Soil is said to be porous if it easily or quickly absorbs water. This means that the soil has large, dominant pores, for example soil with a porous sand texture. Porosity is the percentage of pore volume in the soil compared to the volume of the soil mass.

Knowing the Complete Soil Characteristics

Soil Drainage

Soil drainage is the ability of the soil to drain and regulate excess water, both ground water and surface water. In soils with poor soil drainage, water will tend to stagnate. Handling poor drainage properties is often done by building ditches.

Thus our explanation of the land in the article Knowing the Characteristics of Soil (Complete Discussion), hopefully from the above discussion we will know more about the characteristics of the soil that we often use. Thank you
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