Know the Anatomy and Physiology of Spore Cormophyta (Complete)

Know the Anatomy and Physiology of Spore Cormophyta (Complete) – Before we explore the material about the anatomy and physiology of spore-forming Cormophyta, we will first describe the main anatomical and physiological characteristics of spore-forming Cormophyta.

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  • Know the Anatomy and Physiology of Spore Cormophyta (Complete)
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Know the Anatomy and Physiology of Spore Cormophyta (Complete)

The term Kormophyta is different from Thallophyta.

Kormophyta: kormo = kormus, which means that the structure of roots, stems and leaves can be distinguished. For example: ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms.

Thallophyta: thallo = thallus, which means that the structure of roots, stems and leaves cannot be distinguished. For example: algae, mosses = transition from Thallophyta to Kormophyta.

Anatomically, sporing Kormophyta is a term for ferns (Pteridophyta). Moss is called a transitional plant because anatomically it has characteristics close to Kormophyta even though it is still simple. Kormophyta already has a characteristic that is vascular (xylem and phloem).

Moss and ferns have a similar structure because they both have alternating stages of descent (matagenesis), namely the sporophyte (spore-producing) phase and the gametophyte (gamete-producing or -cell) phase sex).

The anatomical structure of fern leaves can be divided into two based on their shape and function. The suffix fil denotes a leaf.

Based on the shape:

  • Microfil = leaf that has 1 leaf bone
  • macrophile = leaves that have more than 1 leaf bone
  • Scale = does not have a leaf bone

By function:

  • Sporophyll = produce spores (reproductive leaves)
  • Tropophile = for photosynthesis

The body of the moss is anatomically still a thallus. However, in Bryopsida class mosses, the body has approached the characteristics of cormus plants. Therefore, it is still very difficult to distinguish between roots, stems and leaves. Likewise with the vascular structure or transport vessels.

Get to know the Anatomy and Physiology of Sporadic Cormophyta

Rhizoid (Rhizo = root) which is owned by mosses, is a moss root that functions to attach to the substrate and transport the substances needed to all parts of the body. However, mosses do not have a carrier file as in cormus plants.

Also Read:Protected Forests: Definition, Functions, Legal Basis for Protection and Examples

This is a brief explanation of Know the Anatomy and Physiology of Spore Cormophyta (Complete), hopefully can facilitate understanding and there are benefits. Thank you.

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