47 Examples of Prepositions – Definition, Characteristics, Functions, Rules & Types
47 Examples of Prepositions – Definition, Characteristics, Functions, Rules & Types – This time we will share Indonesian language material regarding Prepositions (Prepositions) which includes definitions, characteristics, functions, type rules and examples, then just read the explanation below.
Understanding Prepositions (Prepositions)
Prepositions (prepositions) are useful for marking various meaning relationships between the word in front of the preposition and the word which is behind a preposition, syntactically, a preposition is placed before a noun, verb or word information.
In this case, the rule for writing prepositions is that prepositions such as "in", "to", and "from" are written separately from the words behind them. except for words that are commonly considered as one word, such as to, than and as affixes such as beaten, eaten and etc.
Also read articles that may be related: Adverb
- There – Right
- Here – Wrong
- To school – Right
- Going to school – Wrong
Prepositions are written in lowercase when used in a sentence as a title.
Example: Sailing from the Indonesian Ocean to the Indian Ocean and Antarctica - Wrong and Sailing from the Indonesian Ocean to the Indian Ocean and Antarctica - Correct.
Characteristics of Prepositions
Words used in front of nouns to connect words with clauses with clauses/sentences with sentences. Examples of prepositions:
- Location: in, on, within above and between.
- Direction of origin: from
- Direction of aim: to, to, will and towards
- Actor: by
- Tools: with and blessing
- Comparison: instead of
- Things/bulk: about, regarding
- Result: until, until
- Purpose: to, create, use and share
- For and obey
Function of Prepositions (Prepositions)
The following are several functions of prepositions, consisting of:
- to state where one is/takes place
- to indicate the direction of origin
- to state the direction of the goal
- to identify the perpetrator
- to declare tools
- to express a comparison
- to state a thing or problem
- to state cause and effect
- to state an aim or purpose
Also read articles that may be related: Absorption Words
Rules for Writing Prepositions
Below are several rules for writing prepositions, consisting of:
- If the preposition (in, to, from) expresses a place, then the writing must be separated from the word behind it or the place intended.
- I was born and raised in
- Dad is leaving to
- Grandma comes home fromBandung tomorrow.
- Prepositions (in, to, from) if they are an affix to a word, then the writing is combined with the word that follows.
- That shirt inbought it when we were on holiday at the end of last year.
- He's already tried that toseveral times, but his efforts still did not produce results.
- Better late fromon not at all.
- If a preposition is used in a sentence as a title, it must be written in lower case.
Example: Rainbow Warriors in Belitung Island.
Types of Prepositions
The following are several types of prepositions, consisting of:
1. Prepositions by Form
Prepositions based on form are divided into 2 types of prepositions, namely:
- Single form preposition: a preposition that only consists of one subject and one predicate. Example: the lecturer is teaching.
- Compound form of preposition: a preposition that is a combination of several single prepositions, in other words a preposition that consists of more than one subject and predicate. Example: I am studying and mother is cooking.
2. Prepositions based on Nature
Based on their nature, propositions are divided into two types, namely:
- Categorical preposition: a preposition whose subject and predicate relationship does not require any conditions. Example: All tigers are carnivorous animals.
- Conditional preposition: a proposition whose subject and predicate relationship requires certain conditions. And this proposition is divided into two types of propositions, namely hypothesis and disjunctive conditional.
- Hypothetical preposition: contains the word hope (if, supposing). Example: If I study then my grades will be good.
- Disjunctive conditional preposition: a preposition that contains two choices. Example: the person is an artist or politician.
Also read articles that may be related: "Task Words" Definition & (Characteristics - Types - Examples)
3. Prepositions based on Quality
- Positive preposition: is a type of preposition where there is agreement between the subject and the predicate. Example: all students are required to study.
- Negative proposition: a type of preposition where there is no correspondence between the subject and the predicate. Example: the buffalo ate rocks.
4. Prepositions by Quantity
These prepositions are divided into two types, namely general and specific.
- General / universal: contains the words all, all, none. Example: All factory employees will get a bonus.
- Special / specific: contains the words some, some. Example: several high school students did not pass the National Examination this year.
Examples of Prepositions
Below are several examples of prepositions, consisting of:
1. Examples of the Preposition "In"
Here's an example:
- Mr Andi works in Bandung
- Football matches are held at the stadium
- It is forbidden to talk loudly in the library
- In the market there are many people selling
- Here all children must be polite
- Do the problems on page 23 of the math book
- The teacher writes on the blackboard
- Photos should be stored in photo albums
- In which country is the Eiffel Tower located?
- Whose house are we meeting at later?
2. Examples of the Preposition "To"
Here's an example:
- Dadang returned home to Tasikmalaya
- I go to school by bicycle
- Passengers are welcome to board the plane
- He went to the office using the city bus
- The heart pumps blood throughout the body
- The criminal was taken to the police station
- We can upload photos to the internet
- Draw a straight line from point A to point B
- Beavers usually dive to the bottom of rivers
- Whose house do you go to during Eid?
Also read articles that may be related: Examples of Articles in Sentences
3. Examples of the Preposition "From"
Here's an example:
- The pendet dance originates from Bali
- City buses depart from the terminal
- Tears dripped from both eyes
- From home I left at 10.00
- Complete the assignment from page 11 to page 13
- We start our community service from the end of this road
- From here to the post office approximately 1 kilometer
- It is forbidden to move books from their place
- I just came home from school
- From which station do business trains depart?
4. Examples of the Preposition "For"
Here's an example:
- He brought souvenirs for us
- Fertilizer is sent to farmers
- Dad bought shoes for mom.
- For public interest
- we are willing to make sacrifices
- For him
- money alone is meaningless
- A prize of two million rupiah is provided for the best essay.
5. Examples of the Preposition "For the Sake"
Here's an example:
- We will work hard for the welfare of the family.
- For the sake of development, we are willing to make sacrifices.
- I fight for truth and justice.
- He lifted the stones one by one.
- One by one, they quietly left the courtroom.
- He burned the paper piece by piece.
- By Allah, I will never take your book.
- By God, I don't know anything about that matter.
- For the sake of the one who controls nature and all that is in it, I swear that I will stay here.
Also read articles that may be related: "Adjectives (Adjectives) Definition & (Characteristics - Formation Process - Examples)
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