Examples of Applied Arts
Applied Fine Arts are – Functions, Types, Elements and Examples – For this discussion we will review about Applied Fine Arts which in this case includes definition, history, function, types, elements and examples, now to better understand and comprehend, see the review below.
Understanding Applied Arts
Applied art, also known as applied art, is fine art created to fulfill a need. So, this work tends to prioritize usage factors in terms of beauty and artistry.
Based on this understanding, it can be concluded that applied art not only prioritizes its beauty, but also the usefulness of the work it produces.
Works of applied art are sometimes called works of applied art, meaning that they can applied or applied into functional forms to meet life's needs man.
In fact, we often encounter several forms of applied art works in everyday life. For example, jewelry, tableware, clothing, and so on.
History of Applied Arts
In this case, applied art is actually familiar from the days of the ancestors of the Indonesian people in the past. History proves that in prehistoric times, people in the past used various trinkets of high artistic value in their daily lives. Some of them include stone axes, bones for hunting, dolmen, nekara, moko, vessels and so on.
As the wheel of time turns, applied fine arts are passed down from generation to generation to our society today. In various aspects of art such as decorative arts, architectural arts, illustration arts and graphic arts, applied arts have merged into one.
Functions of Applied Arts
As an element of culture, art is present or created to fulfill human needs both physically and mentally. A cultural element will maintain its existence if the cultural element still functions in social life.
In everyday life we can feel how much we need a means of expression to enjoy the beauty of form.
Based on its function in meeting human needs, art is divided into several groups.
1. Individual Functions
Humans consist of physical and psychological elements. One of the psychological elements is emotion. So this individual function is divided into physical function and emotional function.
This function is mostly fulfilled through physical arts, such as; clothing, furniture, home transportation equipment and so on.
This function is fulfilled through pure art, both from the artist and from the observer or consumer. Examples: paintings, sculptures, films and so on.
2. Social Function
Social function means that it can be enjoyed and benefit the interests of many people at relatively the same time. These functions are grouped into several areas.
Art can be used as a means to relieve boredom or reduce sadness. Examples: films, comedies, recreation areas and so on.
Art can be used to communicate things such as messages, criticism, policies, ideas and products to many people. Examples: advertisements, posters, banners, etc.
- Education / Education
Education also utilizes art as a supporting tool, for example; illustrations in textbooks, scientific posters, photos and so on.
- Religion / Religion
Works of art can be used as religious features or messages. For example; calligraphy, architecture of places of worship, religious clothing and so on.
Elements of Applied Arts
Below are several elements of applied art, including the following:
Line is a simple and easy element to use as a means of expression and is the most ancient element used in art.
Bias lines seem very emotional and sometimes stiff. The impression and character of soft thin lines will be different from thick lines.
Directional elements can be shown straight, turning, horizontal, vertical, inclined, and so on.
The direction of turning and turning seems dynamic, the movement in the vertical and horizontal directions has a more stable character compared to the inclined direction.
Shapes can be used as areas or planes or patterns (shapes), for example circles, triangles, polygons, bumps, etc.
We know sizes, for example long, short, large, small, narrow, wide, and so on. This size can make an impression on the observer itself.
Dark Light (Value)
Darkness can come from color and can also come from light, for example white, gray and then pitch black. Distant light on an object gives the impression of darkness and light.
Color is an element that is widely used in the creation of works of applied art.
Various Types of Applied Arts
Below are several types of applied art, including the following:
1. Architectural Applied Arts
The art of building houses or architecture is a type of applied fine art in the form of buildings, for example, residences, places of worship, offices, apartments and other buildings.
2. Decorative Applied Arts
Decoration is a type of applied fine art whose function is to decorate a room to make it even more beautiful than before.
Well, we generally encounter decorative arts when there are performances, exhibitions, exhibitions and other events.
3. Illustration-Sketch Applied Arts
Illustrations are works in the form of photos or drawings, which are used to explain a text. This illustrative art was used in textbooks when we were in elementary school.
Having photos or illustrative images will make it easier for readers to understand the contents of a story or article.
4. Craft Applied Arts
Crafts, often called hand skills, have the function of processing raw materials that are simple (easily) found in the surrounding environment.
Generally, these raw materials are processed and made into objects that have aesthetic value and are suitable for use.
5. Graphic Applied Arts
Graphics are also included in applied fine arts whose processing uses printing techniques.
Generally using paper, this graphic work also has a function as a communication tool.
Types of Applied Arts
Below are several types of applied art, including the following:
1. Based on Function
Based on function, there are several types including:
- Fulfillment of practical needs (usefulness), namely works whose main function is as objects of use, apart from also having ornamental value. For example, household furniture, such as tables and chairs, cupboards, and textiles.
- Fulfillment of aesthetic needs (beauty), namely a function solely as a decorative object. For example, batik or woven works made specifically for wall decorations and craft objects to decorate rooms, such as masks, statues and flower vases.
2. Based on its form
Based on its form, there are several types, including:
- Two-dimensional works of applied art (dwimatra) Two-dimensional works of applied art, namely works of art that have length and width and can only be seen from one direction. For example, shadow puppetry, weaving and batik.
- Three-dimensional works of applied art (trimatra) Three-dimensional works of applied art, namely works of art that can be seen from all directions and have volume (space). For example, traditional houses, traditional weapons such as rencong and swords, and statues.
3. Based on the shape
Based on the shape, there are several types including:
The works of applied art found in Indonesia are very diverse with various types, forms, functions and manufacturing techniques. Here we divide these forms of applied art work into four categories:
- Custom home
- Traditional weapon
- Traditional Transportation
- Craft Arts
Examples of Applied Arts
Below are several examples of applied art, including the following:
Batik is a craft that has high artistic value and has been part of Indonesian (especially Javanese) culture for a long time.
Javanese women in the past used their skills in batik as a livelihood, so in the past batik work was an exclusive job for women until the invention of the "Batik Cap" which allowed men to enter this field.
There are several exceptions to this phenomenon, namely coastal batik which has masculine lines as can be seen seen in the "Mega Mendung" pattern, where in some coastal areas batik work is common among the people man.
TRADITIONAL HOUSE ORNAMENTS
In a Javanese building you can usually find a lot of carved wood. This carved ornament is full of symbolic meaning.
There are various types of ornaments, for example, gunungan, tlacapan, rooster, dragon snake, banyu-tetes, banaspati and so on. The form and meaning of ornaments that will be discussed here are limited to only a few ornaments that are commonly used.
Pottery are tools made from clay which are shaped and then burned to then be used as tools that are useful for helping life.
It is said that as a cultural product, the keris is composed of ideofact, sociofact and technofact elements. The initial idea of the function of the keris was as a stabbing weapon which was initially used in close combat.
Meanwhile, as time progressed, keris blades also received additional meanings which enriched the idea of making keris in Javanese culture.
Clothing is universally protective of the body. Both protective from the heat and from the gripping cold. Therefore, in general it can be said that its function is as physical protection.
However, in traditional traditional clothing, apart from the general functions mentioned above, there are also special functions the cultural value messages contained in it, which are also related to other aspects of life cultured.
THE ART OF LEATHER CRAFTS
is a craft that uses raw materials from cooked leather, raw leather or synthetic leather. For example: bags, shoes, puppets and others.
METAL CRAFTS ARTS
Metal crafts are crafts that use metal materials such as iron, bronze, gold, silver.
Meanwhile, the techniques used usually involve casting, carving, forging or according to the desired shape. For example, knives, accessories, etc.
Accessories are the art of metal crafts.
WOOD CARVING ART
is a craft that uses wood materials that are worked or shaped using carved inlay.
The woods usually used are: teak, mahogany, waru, sapodilla, jackfruit and others. For example furniture, reliefs and others.
Carving is the art of wood carving.
THE ART OF WOVEN CRAFTS
This craft usually uses rattan, bamboo, palm leaves, pandan leaves, tree fiber, banana trees, water hyacinth, etc. For example: hats, bags, baskets and others.
Wicker, is the art of woven crafts.
Decorative lamps for lighting add to the beauty and comfort of the room.
That's the discussion about Applied Fine Arts are – Functions, Types, Elements and Examples Hopefully this review can increase your insight and knowledge, thank you very much for visiting. 🙂 🙂 🙂